What is Market Research?

What is Market Research?

Deskera Content Team
Deskera Content Team
Table of Contents
Table of Contents

In today's highly competitive business world, the companies that best understand their clients stay on the top! Indeed, market research is now one of the most significant and profitable things you can do for your company.

In this comprehensive market research buyer journey guide, we have discussed each and every aspect that you should learn. Let’s take a look at what we’ll cover ahead:

  • Understanding Market Research?
  • 3 Keys Associated with Market Research
  • Primary and Secondary Research
  • Significance of Market Research?
  • Types of Market Research?
  • Advantages of Market Research?
  • How to Perform Market Research?
  • Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Let’s dive in:

Understanding Market Research

Market research is a method of gathering, analyzing, and evaluating data about your company's various aspects. These elements include buyer’s personas, customers, and target audience.

Furthermore, market research aids businesses to improve customers experience, design better products & services, enhance conversion rates, and attract potential leads. Additionally, market research works as a strong foundation for any business that covers all elements from— identifying a new market to launching new products or services.

Entrepreneurs benefit from market research and also offer them to make well-informed judgments. It can take the unpredictability out of innovation and direct resources to the most productive ideas and projects.

Market research is conducted by businesses at various phases of development for a variety of reasons. Market research can be used in a variety of ways by firms, including

  • Assess the viability of a new enterprise. The firm is unlikely to prosper if market research suggests that there is very little demand for the product or service.

  • Maximize the effectiveness of their marketing activities. Businesses may better design their branding and marketing efforts by evaluating customer sentiment and knowing how their brand is perceived.

  • Identify and evaluate emerging opportunities.

  • Ascertain appropriate product placement — when, how, and where a product should come into the market.

  • Determine whether there is a market for new commodities or features.

  • They need to improve and innovate their company. You can spot problems with certain parts of your organisation, such as customer service, early on. Companies may be able to avoid costly disruptions in the future as a result of this.

  • Keep an eye on marketing techniques and devise methods for staying ahead of the curve or adapting to changing market dynamics.

3 Keys Associated with Market Research

Following is the list of three crucial key elements associated with market research. Let’s learn:

1. Administrative

Assist the company or corporation grow by effectively planning, organizing, and controlling both people and material resources. And, meeting all particular market needs at the perfect time.

2. Social

Offer a unique required product or service to customers. Ultimately, it is important to make sure that products or services fulfills your customer’s preferences and interests.

3. Economical

Examine the economic levels of success or failure that a business can achieve. It occurs when a company is emerging to the market or releasing new products or services, providing clarity to all decisions to be taken.

Primary and Secondary Research

Following we have discussed primary and secondary research— the two main types of market research. Both these researches help organizations to gain valuable information about their products. Let’s discuss:

Primary Research

It includes information gathered directly from sources or with the assistance of a market research firm. It's under your command.

There are two types of research investigations that use primary data:

  • Exploratory Primary Research:

It includes collecting a large amount of open-ended data from a large number of people in order to gain a better understanding of a problem or opportunity. The idea is to collect people's thoughts and feelings about a problem so that your firm can figure out how to deal with it. Also, you must comprehend how your market views the problem.

  • Specific Primary Research:

It is commonly used after exploratory research to look deeper into issues or possibilities that the organization has already identified as essential. In order to tackle a perceived problem, a corporation can pose questions to a smaller or more focused portion of their audience in specific research.

Secondary Research

It includes information that already exists in the public domain. It includes data from newspapers and magazines, as well as government and business reports. You can perform new analyses on the data, yet it is still accessible to a vast number of individuals.

There are three aspects associated with Secondary Research data:

  • Public Sources:

While undertaking secondary market research, these sources are your first and most accessible level of material. You get a lot of value for your buck because they're typically free to find and review. According to Entrepreneur, one of the most prevalent sorts of public sources is government statistics.

  • Internal Sources:

Internal sources should be given more credit than they already are for assisting market research. Why? This is market data that already belongs to your organization!

Factors such as — Average revenue per sale, client retention rates, and other historical data on the health of existing and new accounts—  can all help you figure out what your customers want.

  • Commercial Sources:

Market reports, which contain industry analysis compiled by a research agency like Gartner, Forrester, or Pew are common sources. The cost of downloading and obtaining this information is often high because it is so portable and distributable.

Significance of Market Research

You can only manage a successful business if you have a thorough grasp of your target clients. You must specify their goals, objectives, and requirements.

Further, you'll need to steer people to your products and services because of all of these causes. In order to do so, you'll need to conduct— ‘Market Research.’

This is the most effective method for gathering all of the information you need about your company. Additionally, it also offers you trustworthy data that will assist you in developing an effective marketing strategy.

In other words, market reach makes your life easier when it comes to selling and attracting potential customers. Following we have listed crucial aspects that showcase the significance of market research. Let’s learn:

Better Communication

It not only directs your communication with current consumers but also with potential customers. Moreover, market research will reveal how to interact with your customers.

In addition, you have to understand which language will be most effective in capturing their attention and emotionally engaging them.

Recognize an opportunity

Market research can assist you in identifying high-level as well as more accessible chances for attracting and converting new clients. It can be the most effective approach to identify new advertising platforms, customer concerns you were previously unaware of, and market gaps you can solve.

Reduces Risk

Solid data enables us to focus on the real prospects and avoid wasting energy and time. Moreover, knowing who your consumers are allows you to focus your resources more effectively, reducing the risk of wasting time, money, and effort on ineffective marketing.

Furthermore, market research can also help you uncover low-risk, high-reward areas where your company can grow or introduce additional services.

Types of Market Research?

Following we have listed the types of market research. Let’s learn:

1. Interviews

It allows you to have in-person and virtual face-to-face interactions while maintaining a healthy communication process.

2. Focus Groups:

Here it allows you to examine or test your product, evaluate demo, provide reviews or feedback, and/or answer specific questions with a small selected group of people.

3. Buyer Persona Research

This study provides you with a thorough understanding of certain elements. It includes study on your target client, problems or issues they encounter, the root source of their interest in your product or service, their expectations with your brand or services, and more.

4. Observation-based Research

As the name suggests— this research is based on ‘Observation.’ Here all you have to do is to relax and examine your target audience. It includes how your audience uses your product or service.

Additionally, it includes examining what works well in terms of user experience, what blockages they encounter, and which components of it may be made easier for them to use and implement.

5. Product or Service Use Research

Usage study on your product or service might indicate how and why your target client employs it. Furthermore, it contains special qualities. This type of market research can also assist you in determining whether a product or service is appropriate for your target market.

6. Pricing Research

It will reveal to you certain properties associated with your products or services. Moreover, it covers comparable items or services in your market, your target audience, and what an acceptable cost (when it comes to  promoting or advertising your products or services would be). Eventually, all this information would help you to evaluate and manage your pricing research.

7. Competitive Analysis

This research will give you a complete understanding of your industry as well as the competitive landscape of the market. Furthermore, you have the ability to collect all components of critical information and its working that would be beneficial to your organization.

Moreover, you'll also get a notion of who your target market is and who your rivals are. All of these elements will help you strategize on how to distinguish out in a crowd.

8. Market Segmentation Research

This research will help you to segment and filter out your target audience into categories or groups. Further, it is based on distinguishing criteria and precision that helps to grasp a better understanding of customers. It further helps to analyze their pain points, wants, requirements, needs, aspirations, and more.

9. Loyalty Research and Customer Satisfaction

This research is quite helpful when you want to evaluate your current customers to engage with your business on a larger scale. It further aids to examine what could be the motivating factors that could compel them. It includes rewards, loyalty programs, remarkable customer experiences, and more.

Ultimately, this research can aid you in determining the most effective techniques for increasing customer satisfaction.

10. Campaign Research

This entails assessing and analyzing the success of prior efforts among your target demographic and current clients. Furthermore, it necessitates trial and error, as well as a thorough examination of your target audience.

Additionally, all of these components will assist you in preserving those details for future campaigns. And, focus on all aspects of your work that are most essential to them.

11. Brand Awareness Research

Finding brand awareness reveals what your target audience knows about and recognizes about your company. It uncovers the associations your audience members make when thinking about your company and what they think you're about.

Advantages of Market Research

Following is the list of advantages associated with market research. Let’s learn:

Ability to make crucial decisions

The ability of management to make well-informed decisions is critical to an organization's progress. Furthermore, management can make business decisions based on data gathered through market research tools to support their experience and knowledge.

In addition, market research is useful for determining market trends, thus it should be done on a frequent basis to get a complete picture of your customers.

Gather relevant information

Market research delivers true and precise information that can help the firm plan for any future errors. By thoroughly researching the market, a company will certainly advance and, as a result, will get an advantage over its existing competitors.

When selling a product or service, it is critical to research industry and market trends. Furthermore, market research aids in the estimation of all relevant market components before making any decision.

Understand Customers and their preferences

Comprehending how clients' preferences (and interests) change over time is important so that the company can respond to their choices, purchasing patterns, and financial levels. Based on the individual needs of consumers, researchers can decide the type of product that must be made or sold.

Enhances business investment

It is an excellent investment for any company because it provides them with essential information and teaches researchers how to proceed in order to attain the desired sales.

How to Perform Market Research

We have listed 5 crucial steps that will help you to understand how you can perform market research. Let’s discuss:

1. Defining Buyer Persona

The first and foremost thing that you must learn is to understand your clients. Without learning about them— you would hardly succeed. Therefore, learning your customers is important before diving into other sections.

To help you with it, you need — ‘Buyer Personas.’ Interestingly, Buyer personas, also known as marketing personas, are fictional, broad depictions of your ideal clients.

Additionally, buyer personas assist you in envisioning your target audience, streamlining your communications, and informing your approach. The following are some crucial features to include in your buyer persona:

  • Age
  • Gender
  • Job titles
  • Location
  • Job title(s)
  • Family size
  • Income
  • Major challenges

Moreover, the aim is to utilize your persona as a foundation. It works as a solid framework for reaching out to and learning about your industry's authentic audience members.

You can also find that your firm adjusts to a variety of personas. All you have to do when it comes to optimizing and designing your content and ads is consider each distinct persona.

2. Identify and Engage

Once you learn and comprehend your buyer persona, then you should move to the next step. This step includes— Identification and engagement to conduct your market research.

It further works as a fair representation of your target audience. Here you will get a better idea to understand your customers, challenges, motivations, and their purchasing behavior and habits.

People who have recently made a purchase or have consciously decided not to make one should be included in the group you designate to engage.

Here are some more suggestions and pointers to assist you in finding the best participants for your study.

Locate the Right Audience for Market Research

When deciding who to interview for your market research, look for people that share the same traits as your buyer persona. You should also consider:

Target for ten people per buyer persona.

Moreover, you should concentrate primarily on one persona at a time. However, if you feel you need to investigate more than one, make sure to recruit a separate sample group for each.

Choose individuals with whom you've lately connected

Customers who completed an investigation for a few months — or perhaps a year if you have a longer sales cycle — may be a suitable fit for you. Especially, if you have a long sales cycle or a niche market. It's vital that they have recent experience because you'll be asking a lot of questions.

Mix Participants

You want to find people:

— Who purchased your product,

— Bought a competitor's goods, or

— Elected not to buy anything at all.

While data from your customers will be the most straightforward to obtain. On the other hand, information from non-customers can assist you in gaining a more balanced picture of your industry.

Following we have listed some points that will guide you to select mix participants:

Made Recent Purchase:

This is probably the preferred group of purchasers to locate. Furthermore, if you have a CRM system, you can also generate a report of transactions that have closed within the last six months. 

Then, you can filter it for the attributes you desire.You might also work with your sales team to develop a list of relevant accounts.

Active yet didn’t make purchase:

You should have a mix of buyers who either bought from a competitor or didn't buy at all. This list can be obtained from your CRM or any other deal-tracking system used by your salespeople.

Cover your Network:

Inform your coworkers, former coworkers, and LinkedIn connections that you are conducting research. 

Participants on Online Social Media Channels:

Try contacting those who follow you on social media but haven't purchased from you. Some of them may be willing to speak with you and explain why they eventually decided not to purchase your product.

Select an Incentive:

Given the time constraints, you'll need to determine how you'll convince someone to invest 30-45 minutes in you and your research.

In case you have a budget constraint then you can provide participants free access to content. Also, you can send a brief handwritten 'thank you' note or message after the study is completed.

3. Conduct Research Interviews

Being prepared is the best approach to ensure that you get the most out of your interviews or conferences.You should always create a predetermined set of questions for a focus group, an online questionnaire, or a telephone survey to ensure you cover all of the top-of-mind concerns and make the most of your time.

Note that, you must make it fluid and effective rather than using a scripted form. As a result, while speaking, make sure to go into certain topics as needed. It must be a genuine and spontaneous conversation.

Each portion of your discussion guide should be organized as a framework, with time limits and clear concerns.

By presenting your own theory first, you risk accidentally altering the witness's perspective by asking yes or no questions. Therefore, when you ask open-ended questions, you avoid obtaining one-word answers, which aren't very informative.

4. Listing and Segmenting your Competitors

Making a list of your main competitors is crucial. It may appear to be a simple procedure, but it can be rather tricky. It's because you have to group them together based on services or goods that are similar.

Apple, for example, is recognized for its laptops and iPhones.It is, however, also known for its music streaming service, which competes with Spotify.As a result, it's critical to divide them into groups based on products or services.

Recognizing the Industry's Competitors

Find competitors whose products or services are similar to yours by determining the business or sectors you're pursuing.

Moreover, consider terms such as construction, education, financial services,  education, media & entertainment, food service, healthcare, retail,  telecommunications, and agriculture to get begin.

The list continues on and on, but pick a term from the industry that you are familiar with and use it to construct a list of companies that are also in that field.

Competitors in Content Evaluation

When it comes to secondary market research, online search engines work as an effective and useful option. Moreover, to discover the online publications with whom you compete, take the overall industry term you identified in the previous section and come up with a couple of more particular industry terms your company aligns with.

For example, a technology firm might advertise itself as a "technical service" company, but it also offers "digital service” and so on.

5. Final Evaluation

Do the notes you've taken make you feel a little swamped? We suggest looking for common themes to help you make a narrative and a to-do list.

Create a report using your preferred presentation software, which will allow you to simply add references, diagrams, or call clips to make the process go faster.

Here’s the list of following outline that will help you come up with a final evaluation and summary:

  • Background: Reasons why you chose to conduct this research. Also, outline your objectives and goals.
  • Contributors: List out the participants you interacted with. Moreover, you can make the use of a table to breakdown by customer/potential leads and personas.
  • Executive Summary: what did you discover that was the most interesting? What are your plans for dealing with it?
  • Understanding: Describe the most prevalent factors that cause someone to seek an examination.
  • Consideration: presenting the major trends you discovered, as well as the specific sources consumers utilize to conduct their research.
  • Choice: Include the people who have the most impact, as well as any product features or facts that can make or break a sale, in your depiction of how a decision is reached.
  • Plan of Action: You've undoubtedly discovered a few initiatives you can run to bring your brand in front of shoppers sooner and/or more successfully as a result of your research. Provide a priority list, a schedule, and an estimate of the impact on your business.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

We have discussed some important frequently asked questions associated with Market Research. Let’s discuss:

Difference between Qualitative and Quantitative Data?

Qualitative data allows you to obtain a deeper grasp of how individuals feel regarding specific subjects. Moreover, you might question their opinions as well as how and why they make the judgments. In-depth interviews, group discussions, and behavioral observation are the most effective methods for gathering qualitative data.

On the other hand, Quantitative data is a statistical or factual analysis that is typically more structured.  Furthermore, questionnaires and surveys are examples of this type of data.

Difference between User-Research and Market Research?

Marketing research is all about figuring out what people want and, as a result, if you're selling something they desire.

User research, on the other hand, addresses a different question: what do people find beneficial.

Is it necessary for me to hire a market research buyer journey guide agency in order to obtain credible data?

Certainly not! In fact, we advocate starting small and doing everything yourself at first. You may learn a lot about your customers by implementing a lean market research plan.

Then you may make adjustments, put them to the test, and see if the outcomes are positive. This is a great method for staying competitive while making quick modifications.

Final Takeaways

We have reached the end section of this detailed guide. We have picked up some crucial points for your future reference. Let’s check:

  • Market research is a method of gathering, analyzing, and evaluating data about your company's various aspects.
  • You can only manage a successful business if you have a thorough grasp of your target clients. You must specify their goals, objectives, and requirements.
  • By thoroughly researching the market, a company will certainly advance and, as a result, will get an advantage over its existing competitors.
  • Comprehending how clients' preferences (and interests) change over time is important so that the company can respond to their choices, purchasing patterns, and financial levels.
  • Once you learn and comprehend your buyer persona, then you should move to the next step. This step includes— Identification and engagement to conduct your market research.
  • Create a report using your preferred presentation software, which will allow you to simply add references, diagrams, or call clips to make the process go faster.
  • Include the people who have the most impact, as well as any product features or facts that can make or break a sale, in your depiction of how a decision is reached
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