State Manipur Holidays 2021

State Manipur Holidays 2021

Damini Chandankar
Damini Chandankar
Table of Contents
Table of Contents

Craving for a pleasant weather in India to settle in? In the summer, the maximum temperature in Manipur is 32 degrees Celsius (90 degrees Fahrenheit). Throughout the year, the climate in the state is pleasant. In addition to its climate, this state is rich in culture, with a variety of festivals held throughout the year.

State Manipur Holidays 2021
State Manipur Holidays 2021

Manipur is a joyful land with many vivid festivals that will entice you to return again and again. In this hilly town, there isn't a month that goes by without a joyful festival. So, what are you waiting for? Let's have a look at the Manipur holiday list for 2021:

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About Manipur

Manipur is located in northeast India's easternmost area. The state shares boundaries with other northeastern states such as Nagaland, Mizoram, and Assam, as well as Myanmar, its neighbor. Manipur is known as a 'flower on lofty heights,' a 'jewel of India,' and the 'Switzerland of the East' due to its diverse flora and fauna. It is a tourist's paradise due to its breathtaking scenic splendor.

Because of its diversified population, the state is often referred to as a miniature India. Manipur's diverse population includes Meitei, Nagas, Kuki-Chin-Mizos, Gorkhas, Muslims, and other ethnic groups who have coexisted peacefully for centuries.

These are the people whose folklore, myths and tales, dances, indigenous games and martial arts, exotic hand-looms and handicrafts, and exotic hand-looms and handicrafts are imbued with nature's mystique and an inexhaustible sensation of delight or enthusiasm about life.

Manipur benefits from serving as India's 'Gateway to the East' through Moreh town, which is the sole viable land route for trade between India and Myanmar and other Southeast Asian countries. Manipur is one of India's greatest bamboo producing states, covering over 3,268 square kilometers and contributing significantly to the country's bamboo sector. The state had 10,687 square kilometers of bamboo-bearing land in 2017.

In 33 AD, Nongda Lairen Pakhangba is thought to have been the first king of Manipur. Manipur, on the other hand, is famous in the Mahabharata because Chitrangada, the princess of this country, was one of the Pandava warrior-prince Arjun's brides.

Manipur's Holiday List

Every year, India has three national holidays: Republic Day, which commemorates the origin of our constitution, is observed in January. Independence Day is observed in August to commemorate the country's independence from the United Kingdom. In October, Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti is commemorated.

Some holidays are unique to Manipur and are only observed within the state. The holiday list is useful not only for planning leisure activities, but also for other critical responsibilities.

The state of Manipur is located in northeastern India, with Imphal as its capital. It is bordered on the north by Nagaland, on the south by Mizoram, and on the west by Assam. It is also bordered on the east by the Sagaing Region and on the south by Chin State in Myanmar. The calendar of public holidays for 2021 can be found here.

Date

Day

Occasion

1-Jan

Friday

New Year's Day

25-Jan

Monday

Imoinu Iratpa

26-Jan

Tuesday

Republic Day, Gaan-Ngai

15-Feb

Monday

Lui-Ngai-Ni

29-Mar

Monday

Yaosang 2nd Day

2-Apr

Friday

Good Friday

13-Apr

Tuesday

Sajibu Nongmapanba (Cheiraoba)

14-Apr

Wednesday

Cheiraoba, Ambedkar Jayanti

23-Apr

Friday

Khongjam Day

1-May

Saturday

May Day

14-May

Friday

Idul-Fitr

12-Jul

Monday

Rath Yatra

21-Jul

Wednesday

Eid al-Adha

13-Aug

Friday

Patriot's Day

15-Aug

Sunday

Independence Day 

30-Aug

Monday

Janma Ashtami

30-Sep

Thursday

Jananeta Irawat Birthday

2-Oct

Saturday

Gandhi Jayanti

7-Oct

Thursday

Mera Chaoren Houba Of Lainingthou Sanamahi

13-Oct

Wednesday

Durga Ashtami

19-Oct

Tuesday

Milad-un-Nabi

20-Oct

Wednesday

Mera Houchongba

1-Nov

Monday

Kut

4-Nov

Thursday

Diwali (Deepavali)

6-Nov

Saturday

Ningol Chakkouba

25-Dec

Saturday

Christmas

New Year's Day

People from all walks of life, regardless of caste, creed, age, or other factors, have traditionally considered the first day of the year, 1 January, to be auspicious. Some say it is a day that ushers in fresh beginnings. For others, it may be a day when they realize the year has a lot in store for them and they are looking forward to it.

Every year on January 1st, banks, corporations, schools, colleges, and other organizations take a day off. It's a day to unwind and welcome the new year. Numerous families gather with their family and friends to ring in the new day and the new year in many areas.

For the years 2023 to 2029, the day of the week on which New Year will fall is listed in the table above. You can use this to plan your vacations and get-togethers to ring in the new year.

Imoinu Iratpa

On the 12th day of the Meitei lunar month, Waakching, Imoinu Iratpa is observed. This means it takes place in the Gregorian calendar in either December or January.

A brief history The Meitei people of Manipur, northeastern India, worship Emoinu or Ebendhou Emoinu or Emoinu Ahongbi, the Sanamahism goddess of wealth, prosperity, and important resources. Emoinu is recognized for her witty personality. Her name means 'great-grandmother' in Meiteilon, hence she is frequently depicted as an elderly woman.

Offerings of fish curries and a variety of cuisines in odd numbers are made to Emoinu during the evening of Imoinu Iratpa.

Republic Day

Every year on January 26th, India celebrates Republic Day with pomp and circumstance. On this day, magnificent parades with the Indian National Army are held on Janpath in New Delhi, and national flags are hoisted in various regions of the country. The 73rd Republic Day of India will be celebrated in 2022.

Significance: The new constitution was created by a drafting committee led by Dr.BR Ambedkar after India gained independence from British rule. On January 26, 1950, the Indian Constitution went into effect, confirming India's status as an independent republic.

The date was chosen because it was on this day in 1930 that the Indian National Congress declared Purna Swaraj, or India's freedom from colonial authority.

Celebrations: Since 1950, when it was first formally commemorated, Republic Day has been marked by parades, patriotic songs, exhibitions, and fun to commemorate India's cultural unity.

The Christian song 'Abide With Me' is played to commemorate the end of R-Day celebrations till 2022. One of Mahatma Gandhi's favourite songs, according to legend. The iconic patriotic song "Ae Mere Watan Ke Logon," written by Kavi Pradeep to remember the tremendous sacrifice made by Indian soldiers during the 1962 Indo-China conflict, has replaced the hymn.

The Ministry of Defense organizes the Delhi Republic Day Parade, which begins at the Rashtrapati Bhavan gates and showcases India's defense capabilities, cultural and social heritage, and the country's diversity.

The preparations for the Republic Day parade begin in July, when all participants are officially notified of their participation. Until August, they will practice parades in their separate locations. They arrive in December to rehearse for the event. Participants will have put in 600 hours of training before the official tournament begins.

On Republic Day, each group walks 9 kilometers. The title of 'Best Marching Group' is given to one group based on the judges' decisions. The floats travel at a speed of roughly 5 kilometers per hour so that everyone can see them. The drivers of these tableau's only have a small glass in the front to navigate with.

Millions of Indians tune in to see the highly staged show and reflect on the country's 70-year history of independence. Irwin Stadium, Kingsway, Red Fort, and Ramleela Maidan hosted Republic Day celebrations until 1954. Rajpath has been the permanent site of Republic Day celebrations since then.

The celebrations in Delhi run for a week and include numerous unique activities as well as a massive parade highlighting each state. In India, this festival is known as a "dry day," when the sale of alcohol is prohibited.

Gann Ngai

On the 13th day of the month of Wakching in the Manipuri calendar, Gann Ngai is a regional public holiday in the northeastern Indian state of Manipur. In the Western calendar, it occurs in either December or January. It is also known as Chakaan Gaan Ngai and is the Zeliangrong community's largest event.

Traditions: Gann Ngai occurs after the harvest season is ended. Gaan-Ngai literally translates to "winter celebration." Winter or dry season is referred to as Gaan or Ganh, while celebration is referred to as Ngai.

The Zeliangrong people, which include the Zemei, Liangmei, and Rongmei tribes, are one of Manipur's largest indigenous groups. They also have significant populations in Assam and Nagaland, two neighboring states.

The Gaan-Ngai celebration, which lasts five or seven days, consists of a variety of rites and rituals. The worship of "Tingkao Ragwang," the Supreme God, is the most important aspect of the celebration. They thank God for a successful year and wish for a brighter and happier new year during this event.

This is a festival in which individuals who died the previous year are given a ritual farewell or departure; their graves are beautified; dances are performed; and a feast is hosted in their honor, hence the name "festival of the dead and the living."

The chief of the village makes a 'fresh fire' by rubbing bamboo cord with bamboo gauze placed under a piece of dry wood at the start of the event. This flame is then dispersed throughout the community, lighting the fires of all residents. This custom represents a new and revitalized life. "Mhai Lapmei," which means "extract of the sacred fire," is the name given to this traditional method of creating fire.

In 1976, the celebration was proclaimed a Restricted Holiday in Manipur, and on January 10th, 1998, it was declared a Public Holiday by the then Chief Minister of Manipur, Wahengbam Nipamacha Singh.

Lui Ngai Ni

Lui-Ngai-Ni, a major celebration among Manipur's tribes, promotes Naga culture and tradition. The festival's name comes from the Hawaiian word Lui-Ngai-Ni, which means "seed sowing." It normally takes place on February 15th, just before the start of the spring season.

Traditions: The Naga tribes commemorate this event by spreading seeds. The Naga are a people who live in northeastern India and northern Myanmar. In Manipur, they have a sizable population.

This is an opportunity for the different tribes that make up the Naga in Manipur to come together and celebrate their rich cultural history while also strengthening the Naga bond.

The festival's name, which is made up of three syllables in three separate Naga languages but essentially means 'Seed Sowing Festival,' represents this rich past. During this event, the god of crops is invoked to bless the sown seeds in order for them to bear fruit and produce a bumper harvest.

During the event, participants can participate in a variety of cultural activities such as donning traditional clothing, drumming, and performing folk dances and songs. Lui-Ngai-Ni is observed in all Naga-populated areas of Manipur; however, the primary festival is alternately held at the state's main Naga district headquarters.

Despite the fact that the festival's traditions are based on age-old spring customs observed by practically all Naga tribes, the Lui Ngai Ni festival was formed in the mid-1980s to provide the Naga people with a "national celebration." Manipur has had a state holiday since 1998.

Yaosang

Yaosang is a five-day festival that begins on the full moon day of the Lamda month, which normally comes in late February or early March and coincides with Holi. In the northeastern Indian state of Manipur, the second day of Yaosang is a public holiday.

Yaosang is observed by the Meitei people, Manipur's largest ethnic group. Yaosang and Holi share the same day and are remarkably identical, with the exception of the night before fire lighting.

Yaosang is a three-century-old festival that evolved from a tribal agricultural celebration to encompass Hindu traditions. Locals contribute to the festivities with donations.

Yaosang's primary attraction is the Thabal Chongba dance. It is a Manipurese traditional dance in which young boys and girls form a circle and dance together while holding hands. Traditional sports such as horseback riding and wrestling, on the other hand, are accorded equal weight.

Good Friday

It is primarily honored by Christians all around the world and is seen as a day of sadness commemorating Jesus' crucifixion. In Germany, the day is known as Karfreitag, which translates to "Sorrowful Friday." In Spain, Good Friday is known as Viernes Santo, which translates to "Holy or Sacred Friday." In the year 2022, Good Friday will be celebrated on April 15th.

The death and subsequent resurrection of Jesus Christ, whom Christians believe is the Son of God and whose life and teachings are the cornerstone of Christianity, are the most significant events in Christianity. After the Last Supper, Jesus was arrested, tried, and sentenced to death in the Garden of Gethsemane.

He was then bound and affixed to a big wooden cross by his wrists and feet and allowed to die. This is why the cross is employed as a Christian faith symbol.

Good Friday is a day of remembrance for those who have died. Christians reflect on Jesus' suffering and death on the cross at special Good Friday services, and what this means for their faith.

Celebrations: The most important commemoration takes place in Vatican City, where crowds gather to see Pope Francis recite the Way of the Cross outside the Colosseum for Catholics from all over the world. In the sky, a gigantic cross with torches burns, as believers light their own candles.

Catholics commemorate the day by fasting and praying in Churches. Afternoon services commemorate the moment when Jesus was crucified on the cross. Christians remember Jesus' sacrifices and the agony he went through in his final hours for the sake of all people. The Veneration of the Cross is also observed in several churches. Christians kneel before the cross to confirm their faith in a simple ceremony.

Every year on Good Friday in London, a passion play representing the crucifixion is performed in Trafalgar Square. Thousands of people flock to see the 90-minute production, which is free and open to the public. People in Bermuda fly kites in the shape of Jesus' trip or ascension to heaven.

Some churches are painted black or gloomy colors, particularly in Mexico and Belgium. Christians in Jerusalem, which is thought to be Jesus' birthplace, walk the same path that led to Jesus' crucifixion, bearing a cross (sometimes of the same weight) as Jesus did. It is illegal to sell alcohol on this day in Ireland.

Christians in India visit churches to pay their respects to the Lord. Most government agencies, IT corporations, financial markets, and banks observe the day as a national holiday. According to the Bombay High Court's ruling, it is also a public holiday for residents of Daman and Diu, as well as Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

In some regions, parades are held in honor of Jesus. Religious programs based on Christianity are common. Good Friday is the most solemn day of the entire "Holy Week," and it is not marked with festivals or activities. It is a day on which Christians commemorate and honor Jesus' sacrifice.

Traditions: To commemorate the hours when Jesus was crucified on the cross, many Church services are performed in the afternoon, usually between noon and 3 p.m. Some churches commemorate the day by reenacting the process of the cross through stations of the cross rituals, which reflect Jesus' final hours on earth.

Other churches may participate in Cross Veneration, a brief ceremony in which Christians kneel before a cross and proclaim their faith.

Christians in Jerusalem walk the Via Dolorosa, the ancient path that leads to the crucifixion site, in the footsteps of Jesus. Many participants carry crosses on their backs in an attempt to ritually bear the same weight as Jesus.

The Pope will say a mass at the Vatican before leading an annual public prayer of the Stations of the Cross in the Colosseum in Rome, despite the fact that it is not an official holiday in the Vatican or Italy. The procession then proceeds to the Palatine Hill, which is flanked by a massive cross encircled by burning torches.

Sajibu Nongma Panba

Sajibu Nongma Panba is a public holiday observed in Manipur, India, on the first day of the lunar month of Sajibu, which corresponds to April in the western calendar.

This is also known as Meetei Cheiraoba or Sajibu Cheiraoba, and it is the Sanamahism religion's traditional lunar new year.

Traditions: While January 2nd in the west signifies 364 days before the next new year, the wait in India is significantly shorter because there are so many new years to pick from. The lunar new year and the solar new year are both significant new years.

The lunar new year in India is a few new moons later than the one celebrated in China and Southeast Asia. Both new years in Manipur are known as 'Cheiraoba,' therefore the lunar new year's literal name of Sajibu Nongma Panba ('Sajibu' - the name of the first month, 'Nongma' - the first day of a month, and 'Panba' - to be) is beneficial.

The Meetei people, Manipur's largest ethnic group, celebrate Sajibu Nongma Panba. Though Hinduism is practiced by the majority of Meitei, its culture and customs are founded on Sanamahism, an animistic, ancestor-worshipping, shaman-led religion.

The Meitei calendar was established under the Sanamahism religion during the reign of King Maliya Fambalcha (1359 BC -1329 BC), also known as KoiKoi, who was 25 years old when he ascended the throne. As a result, the calendar begins in 1384 BC. Mari-Fam is the Meitei calendar's dating system (MF). In the Meitei calendar, 2020 AD corresponds to 3384 MF.

The celebration is meant to reinforce the link of love and fraternity among family members as well as signal the arrival of the New Year. People organize a joint family feast on this day, where traditional dishes are served to local deities at the houses' entrance gates.

In the afternoon, after the meals, people climb up the Cheirao ching hill in Chingmeirong or the tops of adjacent hills to pray. It is believed that it will help individuals achieve better success in their lives.

The lunar new year is observed on the same day in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and many other Indian states, according to the Hindu lunar calendar. It also marks the beginning of the Hindu civil year, especially in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka in central India.

Sarhul Festival

Sarhul is a New Year's celebration observed by tribal people in the state of Jharkhand as part of the Sarna religion. It occurs three days following the emergence of the new moon in the Hindu month of Chaitra. It's also a springtime celebration. Tree worship is associated with the word "Sarhul." It's a nature-themed celebration.

Sarhul is a government holiday in Jharkhand. It falls on Monday, April 4th.

Celebrations: Many tribes in Jharkhand celebrate Sarhul, although the Munda, Ho, and Oraon tribes are among the most prominent. While environmental veneration is an important part of the event, there are also a number of cultural programs to enjoy.

The festival of flowers and the worship of the Sal Tree, as well as a distinctive Sarhul dance, are among the various cultural festivities. Aside from that, there are a variety of recipes made with vegetables, mushrooms, fruits, seeds, leaves, and other seasonal ingredients that are symbolic of the arrival of Spring.

The many festive dishes that are cooked and savoured around Sarhul make the festivities even more spectacular, such as the rice dish known as "handia," and the baked or dried fish dish known as "fish sukha."

Cheiraoba

The Manipur NewYear is based on the solar calendar and is known as Cheiraoba. It is celebrated on the 13th or 14th of April. People clean and adorn their homes during the event and make unique celebratory delicacies that are initially offered to various deities.

A element of the rite, which takes place during the month of April, involves residents climbing the nearest hilltops in the hope of reaching greater heights in their worldly lives. It is also observed by the Pangals (Manipuri Muslims).

Manipur is noted for its timeless beauty, majestic hills, luxuriant flora, and tranquil ambiance, which is nurtured by the powerful Himalayas. This appealing state's description would be incomplete without its magnificent customs, traditions, and, most notably, the various vivid festivals held throughout the year.

Cheiraoba, one of Manipur's many festivals, is a popular one that has a special place in the hearts of the people. The festival of Cheiraoba is held throughout Manipur to mark the start of a new year. People dress up in their traditional garb and worship the local deity during this festival.

Along with that, there is a custom of exchanging gifts among family and friends. Despite the fact that Chriraoba is a Hindu holiday, it is also observed by Muslims in the region.

Locals believe that this renowned Manipuri celebration represents a deep link of love between family members. People begin cleaning and decorating their homes days before the celebration, and when the Cheiraoba arrives, they have a joint family feast at their homes. Traditional foods are cooked for this feast and served to the local deity at the dwellings' entrance gates.

Ambedkar Jayanti

Ambedkar Jayanti is a national holiday celebrated on April 14th every year. Please note that not all businesses and organisations in various states will observe the holiday.

The date of Dr. Ambedkar's death, December 6th, is a public holiday in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

History: It commemorates the birth of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, an Indian jurist, politician, philosopher, anthropologist, historian, and economist who was a key architect of the Indian Constitution.

On April 14th, 1891, Dr. Ambedkar was born. Ambedkar, who was born into poverty, campaigned against the Indian caste system. He converted to Buddhism and is credited with sparking a wave of conversions that saw tens of thousands of people from lower castes become Buddhists.

Ambedkar was India's first untouchable to earn a college diploma. He acquired law degrees and doctorates for his studies in law, economics, and political science, earning a reputation as a scholar and working for political and social rights for the untouchables, the lowest caste in the caste system.

Dr. Ambedkar organised and led a march in Mahad, Maharashtra in 1927 that resulted in the establishment of equal rights for untouchables who were not permitted to touch or drink the water of Chawdar Lake.

Khongjom Day

In the Indian state of Manipur, Khongjom Day is a regional public holiday. Every year on April 23rd, it is commemorated. It commemorates a fight that took place in 1891 in the Kheba hills of Khongjom, Manipur.

History: This day is commemorated to honor the war heroes of the 1891 Anglo-Manipuri War, who gave their lives battling the British to maintain Manipur's independence.

In 1891, Manipuri warriors headed by Paona Brajabashi fought a hard battle with British forces at Khongjom, on the southern outskirts of Manipur valley.

In the combat against the enemy, Paona Brajabashi and hundreds of his gallant warriors fell.

While the fact that the British had more men and better weaponry, the Manipuri valiantly opposed the British army despite knowing they would be beaten in order to maintain their motherland's sovereignty. They died valiant deaths, leaving a lasting legacy of inspiration for future generations.

The gallantry of the men who battled against a three-pronged British onslaught from Silchar, Kohima, and Myanmar is remembered in Indian history. The war lasted from March 31 to April 27, 1891, and ended with a British triumph.

May Day (Labour Day)

May Day, also known as International Workers' Day, is observed on May 1st around the world, including in India. On May Day, public and government offices, schools, and colleges remain closed, as they do in most countries. It recalls the infamous Haymarket affair in 1886 in the United States, though the day was not well-known in India until 1923.

History : The first May Day festivities centered on workers took place on May 1st 1890, following the proclamation of the "Workers Day of International Unity and Solidarity" by the first international conference of socialist parties in Europe on July 14th 1889 in Paris, France.

Because of developments on the other side of the Atlantic, the day was picked. The American Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions demanded an eight-hour workday in 1884, which was to take effect on May 1, 1886. This led to a mass strike and the Haymarket Riot of 1886 in Chicago, as well as the official approval of the eight-hour workday.

Significance: May Day honors workers' contributions and sacrifices to and for society. The significance of the day stems back to when employees in the United States began protesting against draconian labor regulations, infringement of workers' rights, bad working conditions, and horrible work hours. May Day is associated with labor conflicts and eventual empowerment in the late 1800s.

On this day, a police force opened fire, killing at least two striking employees who were demanding an 8-hour workday instead of the arduous 16-hour workday. More employees joined the rallies after the infamous murder of peaceful protesters, and it wasn't until 1916 that the United States began to recognize eight-hour workdays.

People in India began commemorating the day on May 1, 1923, after the Labor Kisan Party of Hindustan initiated the celebrations, which were led by Comrade Singaravelar. A resolution stating that on Labor Day, the government should provide everyone a national holiday. May Day has been observed every year since then.

On this day, workers' union officials give speeches and cultural events are prevalent. On this day, most schools, universities, and offices are closed.

Idul-Fitr

With the exception of Goa, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh, this festival is known by different names in different states in India and is a holiday in all states except Goa, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh.

Celebrations: Eid al-Fitr is a well-known Islamic celebration that is observed all around the world. Masjids are places where Muslims meet to pray. Following the communal prayer, members of the community exchange festival greetings and gifts. The festival lasts for two to three days. On the festival day, Muslim groups will host a variety of events, including communal dinners and children's activities.

Traditions: The "Festival of Breaking the Fast" is how many people refer to Eid al-Fitr. Fasting from sunrise to sunset during the holy month of Ramadan ("Sawm") is one of Islam's five pillars. The text of the Qur'an is said to have been revealed to the Prophet Muhammad during the month of Ramadan, according to Muslims.

Muslims pray for Eid Al-Fitr, which is known as "Salat Al Eid" in Arabic. For Eid prayers, there is no loud call to prayer. Muslims will congregate in mosques or open locations to offer two "Rakat" units of prayer. Following the prayers, the imam delivers a speech in which he prays for forgiveness, mercy, and peace for all people everywhere.

It is customary to wear fresh clothes and eat something sweet, such as a date, on the walk to the mosque, as well as utter a short prayer known as a takbeer. Giving money to the destitute (known as 'Zakat al-Fitr,' the amount to be donated depends on one's holdings), sending Eid greetings, and feasting with family are also important parts of the Eid celebrations.

For many Muslims, Eid al-Fitr is a time to express thankfulness to Allah for providing them with guidance and strength during Ramadan to help them practise self-control. On this day, Muslims frequently greet one another with the word "Eid Mubarak," which means "blessed holiday" in Arabic.

"Khair Mubarak" is the proper response to Eid Mubarak, which means "good luck" to the person who has greeted you.

The Prophet Muhammad and his followers celebrated the first Eid al-Fitr in 624 CE, following their victory in the battle of Jang-e-Badar, a turning moment in Muhammad's struggle with the Quraish in Mecca during the early days of Islam.

'Feast of the Lesser Bairam' is another name for Eid al-Fitr, which is a Turkic word for festival. The reason for the choice of the phrase 'lesser' for such a well recognised celebration is that the 'Greater Bairam' is Eid al-Adha, the second famous Islamic festival that is considered the holy of the two.

Eid al-Fitr customs include: giving food and money to the poor, demonstrating happiness, participating in the communal prayer, wearing new clothes, and eating breakfast before the morning prayer.

Ratha Yatra

Ratha Yatra is an Indian regional holiday celebrated in Odisha. On Ashadha Shukla Paksha Dwitiya, it is commemorated (second day after the new moon in the month of Ashadha). This implies it usually takes place in late June or early July, during Odisha's rainy season.

Large chariots are drawn through the streets to honour Lord Jagannath's, his brother Lord Balabhadra's, and their sister Subhadra's annual pilgrimage to their aunt's temple, the Gundicha Temple, in Puri, Odisha.

History: Ratha Yatra, which literally translates to "chariot festival," is Odisha's most popular and awaited celebration of the year (ratha). The Ratha Yatra of Jagannath has been celebrated since the 12th century. The celebration is described in the Brahma Purana, Padma Purana, and Skanda Purana, among other Hindu writings.

Jagannath, which literally translates to "Lord of the Universe," is a Hindu and Buddhist deity worshiped throughout India and Bangladesh. Hindus regard Jagannath to be a manifestation of Vishnu.

The idols of Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra are ordinarily worshipped in the sanctum of the Jagannath temple, but once a year, in the month of Ashadha, they are transported three kilometers to the Gundicha Temple on three enormous chariots driven by hundreds of devotees.

It was not uncommon in the past for people to fling themselves beneath the wheels of chariots in order to find salvation.

Eid al-Adha (Bakrid)

Bakri-Id is an annual festival celebrated by the Muslim community globally. On this day, the distribution of meat among family and the recitation of the takbir are two of the most important rituals.

The 'Feast of Sacrifice,' also known as Eid al-Adha, Eid ul Adha, Id-ul-Azha, Id-ul-Zuha, Hari Raya Haji, or Bakr-id, is the most important feast in the Muslim calendar.

Al Eid Al Kabeer, which translates to "Grand Eid," is another name for the holiday. Even while most nations observe roughly the same amount of public holidays for both Eids, it has a higher religious value because it lasts four days against one day for Eid Al Fitr.

This holiday is held all throughout the Muslim world to commemorate Prophet Abraham's willingness to give up all for God. Eid al-Adha occurs on the tenth day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the Islamic calendar's twelfth and final month.

Because the exact day is determined by lunar sightings, the date may differ from country to country.

Celebrations: The Muslim community commemorates the day with special prayers. Gifts and greetings are exchanged among the members of the community. Eid al-Adha is regarded as a gazetted holiday in India. Id-ul-Adha, the festival of sacrifice, Id-ul-Zuha, and Bakr-Id are some of the other names for this holiday. The event is commemorated by the wearing of new garments and the offering of special prayers. It is permissible to offer goats to the God. The meat is shared among relatives and acquaintances of the family.

Traditions: Eid al-Adha marks the end of the Mecca Pilgrimage. The three-day Eid al-Adha festival honours Ibrahim's (Abraham's) desire to obey God by sacrificing his son.

The identical story may be found in the Bible, and both Jews and Christians are familiar with it. One significant distinction is because Muslims believe the son was Ishmael, not Isaac, as the Old Testament claims. Eid Al Lahma, or'meat Eid,' is a Muslim holiday.

According to the Quran, Ibrahim was about to kill his son when a voice from heaven intervened, allowing him to make a 'great sacrifice' of something else. In the Old Testament, instead of the son, a ram is sacrificed. Ishmael is recognised as a prophet and Muhammad's ancestor in Islam.

Muslims commemorate Ibrahim's obedience by sacrificing a cow or ram at the Eid Al Adha feast. A third of the dinner will be consumed by the family, a third will be shared with friends and relatives, and the remaining third will be donated to the poor and needy.

Patriot's Day

Patriot's Day is an annual Indian public holiday marked in the state of Manipur on August 13th. It honors all those who perished in 1891 while resisting the British Empire.

History: Following the death of Maharaja Chandrakriti in 1886, Britain used internal strife to seize control of the independent princely state of Manipur. The British dispatched a small force to acquire the state, but they were met with fierce opposition. The British government responded by sent three columns of troops to Manipur, sparking the Anglo-Manipuri war of 1891.

The Manipuris put up a valiant fight against the colonial troops, but their weaponry and numbers were no match for the British infantry's massed ranks.

After winning the war, the British sought to put down any signs of resistance by arresting people who had attempted to protect their homeland and sentenced the important figures to death.

Yuvaraj Bir Tikendrajit, Thangal General, and Paona Brajabasi were hung in Bir Tikendrajit Park on August 13, 1891.

Every year, the people of this northwestern Indian state commemorate Patriots' Day in honor of all those heroic patriots who gave their lives in the face of tremendous odds in defense of the Manipuri nation.

Independence Day

The 15th of August is usually observed as India's Independence Day. This public holiday, often known as 'I-Day,' commemorates India's independence from the United Kingdom in 1947.

In India, this festival is known as a "dry day," when the sale of alcohol is prohibited. In 1619, the British established their first foothold on the Indian Subcontinent, in Surat, on the country's northwest coast. The East India Company had established three more permanent trading stations in Madras, Bombay, and Calcutta by the end of the century.

The British continued to grow their influence in the region until they controlled much of what is now India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh by the mid-nineteenth century. After a revolt by mutinous Indian soldiers in northern India in 1857, the British government transferred all political power from the East India Company to the Crown.

The British took direct control of the majority of India, while the rest was administered through treaties with local kings. The appointment of Indian councillors to advise the British viceroy and the construction of provincial councils with Indian members were the first steps toward self-government in British India in the late nineteenth century.

Mohandas K. Gandhi, an Indian nationalist, developed the Indian National Congress political party into a popular movement in 1920 to protest British colonial rule. To gain independence, the party used both parliamentary and peaceful resistance, as well as non-cooperation. Other leaders, including Subhash Chandra Bose, took a military approach to the campaign as well.

The movement resulted in the subcontinent's independence from the British Empire, as well as the founding of India and Pakistan.

As a result, India became a Commonwealth dominion on August 15, 1947. The British partitioned British India, dividing it into East and West Pakistan, due to tensions between Hindus and Muslims. After promulgating its constitution on January 26, 1950, which is now the Republic Day holiday, India became a republic within the Commonwealth.

Celebrations: Every year, the 15th of August is a highly auspicious day for Indians, as they will be able to pay tribute to all liberation fighters. Because it is a national holiday, all regional, state, and federal government offices will be closed following the flag-hoisting event.

Commercial establishments may also be closed. Alternatively, operating hours may be reduced. Various forms of competitions for students and award recipients will be held at schools and colleges across the country.

Online, print, and broadcast mediums all host special contests and programs. Television may broadcast films on Indian freedom fighters. The Indian President will deliver a speech on the eve of Independence Day. The Indian Prime Minister will address the nation at the Red Fort and attend the flag-hoisting ceremony in Delhi. At both the state and national levels, cultural activities and events are held.

Artists will use this chance to show off their secret potential and be recognized and rewarded. On Independence Day, the families of liberation warriors are honored in several regions.

Janmashtami

Janmashtami is a Hindu festival held on the eighth (ashtami) day of the dark fortnight of the month of Bhadrapada (August–September) to commemorate the birth (janma) of the god Krishna. In the Krishna mythology, the number eight has another meaning: he is the eighth child of Devaki, Krishna's mother.

Krishna commemorates his birth by creating elaborate representations of Mathura, where he was born, the Yamuna River, over which he was transported to safety, and Gokul (ancient Vraja), the scene of his childhood, using small images of the god, the other participants, and the forest animals and birds. Men create human pyramids to reach and break milk jars suspended from tall poles in the streets, in imitation of Krishna's childhood play with the cowherd boys, when they stole the curds hung out of reach by their mothers. It's also a time for collective singing and dancing at the event.

Jananeta Irawat Birthday

Jananeta Irawat Birthday, also known as Jana Neta Hijam Irawat Day, is a regional festival celebrated on September 30 each year in the Indian state of Manipur.

Irawat, Jananeta Jana Neta Hijam Irawat was born on September 30, 1896, and her birthday is celebrated to honor her. He was the founder of the Communist Party of India and a revolutionary social campaigner (CPI). In 1948, he was elected to the Manipur State Assembly.

Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti

Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti is observed on the 2nd of October each year to commemorate Mahatma Gandhi's birthday. Across the country, the day is commemorated as a public and bank holiday.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in Gujarat, then known as Porbandar, British India, on October 2nd, 1869. Gandhi was a great political and spiritual leader in India who lived his life with the acceptance and practice of truth, nonviolence, vegetarianism, simplicity, and confidence in God.

He was a founder of the Satyagraha movement, which advocated for nonviolent resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience. In 1914, South Africa gave him the honorific title Mahatma, which means "high-souled" in Sanskrit.

India gained independence as a result of the movement, and his actions have since inspired civil rights and freedom movements around the world. Many political figures around the world, including Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King Jr., found inspiration in him.

Celebrations: Gandhi Jayanti is a national holiday in India that is celebrated in all of the country's states and union territories. Across the country, special prayers and homages will be held in honor of the day.

Celebrations at the high school and college levels are breathtaking to witness. In honour of Gandhi, various types of competitions are held for pupils.

The greatest colleges and universities will be recognised. Gandhiji's favorite bhajan, Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram, is sung by school and college students. Wreaths and flowers are placed on Mahatma Gandhi sculptures across the country. Government offices will be closed on Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti, as it is a gazetted holiday.

Mera Chaoren Houba

In the Indian state of Manipur, Mera Chaoren Houba is a regional public holiday. The ceremony takes place on the first day of Mera Tha, the seventh month of the Manipuri Lunar calendar.

Traditions: Mera Chaorel Houba, also known as Mera Chaoren Houba, is an ancient Meitei religious celebration dedicated to Lord Lainingthou Sanamahi, the household's highest deity, and Leimarel Sidabi, the goddess of earth, nature, and mother goddess of all creations in the universe.

The Meitei people and the indigenous tribal villages of the hills celebrate it.

The festival's major location is the Kangla Palace and Sanamahi Temple in Manipur's Imphal West region, where devotees bring fruits, vegetables, rice, and, most importantly, lights and incense to the temple. They ask for health and wealth blessings.

The sacred water from Kangla Palace's Nungjeng Pukhri is also gathered and offered to the temple's deities.

Durga Ashtami

Durga Ashtami is a Hindu festival dedicated to the goddess Durga. The eighth day of the Durga Puja festival is Maha Ashtami. Durga Ashtami or Maha Ashtami are other names for the same day. According to the Hindu calendar, it happens on the Ashtami tithi in the month of Karthik.

Maha Ashtami falls on the 3rd of October this year, which is a Monday in India. West Bengal, Assam, Bihar, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, and other states participate in this festival.

The second day of the Durga Puja festival is known as Maha Ashtami. Maha Saptami is the day when Goddess Durga and Mahishasura, a demon king, begin their war. Durga Puja is a Hindu festival that commemorates the Goddess's victory over the demon ruler.

According to Hindu mythology, the world was threatened by Mahishasura, a wicked buffalo demon that could not be vanquished by any man or god. However, all of the gods gathered together and pooled their powers to form Durga, the ten-handed goddess who wielded one of each god's most lethal weapons.

On the day of Vijaya Dashami, the festival comes to a conclusion. The celebration is now in its tenth day. One of the most important days of the 5-day holiday is Maha Ashtami.

Milad un Nabi

Muslims celebrate 'Milad un Nabi' or 'Mawlid' in the month of Rabiulawal, the third month of the Muslim calendar. This day, also known as 'Milad un Nabi,' is commemorated as a public holiday in many nations with a large Muslim population since it honours the birth of the founder of Islam and the proclamer of the Quran.

Shias commemorate the event on the 17th of the month, whereas Sunnis commemorate it on the 12th.

Some Sunni Islam sects, such as Wahhabi and Salafi, do not observe Mawlid, making it a non-holiday in nations like Saudi Arabia and Qatar.

Because the Islamic calendar is based on lunar cycles, the Gregorian calendar's date will change every year. Because the Islamic calendar is 11 days shorter than the Gregorian calendar, this holiday will come twice in some years.

Maulud Nabi is how Muslims in Malaysia refer to him. This is a religious event that is observed as a national holiday. At the year 570 CE, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was born in Mecca on the 12th of Rabiulawal. Ab al-Qsim Muammad ibn Abd Allh ibn Abd al-Mualib ibn Hashim is the prophet's complete name.

Muhammad is thought to be an Ishmaelite descendent. Isaac and Ishmael were Abraham's sons, according to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Arabs are said to be descended from Ishmael, while Jews are thought to be descended from Isaac.

Muhammad was an orphan by the age of six, and was raised by his uncle Abu Talib and grandfather Abdul-Muttalib. He learned about business from his uncle and established himself as a reliable trader.

Muhammad was not compelled to reveal God's oneness and to forsake his tribesmen's idolatry until he was 40 years old by the angel Gabriel, who carried God's word. His teaching of the Qur'an, which was revealed to him, would establish one of the world's great religions, Islam, over the next 20 years.

Muhammad's birthday is commemorated around the Islamic world with religious lectures and recitals of Qur'anic passages in mosques that have been lit up to mark the event.

The first descriptions of Mawlid may be found in the 8th century Mecca, when Al-Khayzuran turned the house where Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was born into a place of prayer. Harun-al-mother, Rashid's Al-Khayzuran, was the mother of a caliph.

Though public commemorations of Muhammad's birth did not commence until four centuries after his death. The earliest Mawlid-text dates from the 12th century and is most likely Persian in origin.

Mera Houchongba

Manipur's Mera Houchongba is a significant celebration. It has been observed for a long time as a gesture of remembering of the state's ethnic unity and to provide greater strength in the process of "consolidation of the idea of Manipuri nationalism."

It is a historical fact that Manipur's population is built on a basis of pluralism. According to the ground fact, "some type of autonomy is enjoyed by every ethnic community in their own way from ancient times; it is also recognized by the king of Manipur as central authority."

Regardless of the governmental framework, people are completely devoted to the king's absolute power. As a result, to demonstrate their devotion to the king and to demonstrate their solidarity with the state's growing nationalism, "This event is celebrated on a grand scale.

This one-day festival in October is a gathering of hill tribes under the Manipuri Government, and it is a strange sight because of the large number of different tribes assembled, with their beautiful  dress and weapons, differing in feature and language, but all unanimous in one thing: to get drunk as quickly as possible, and stay drunk as long as possible.

Kut Festival

The 'Kut,' also known as 'Chavang Kut' (Paddy Kut), is a Manipur state festival celebrated on November 1 every year. This is a vast and old Kuki-Chin-Mizo celebration with a 3000 year history.

History: One of the legends surrounding this occasion claims that it is the Menashe tribe's "Thanksgiving." The Menashe tribe is one of Israel's 12 lost tribes, which were sent into exile when the Assyrians conquered the northern kingdom of Israel.

During their journey, the tribe had to cross the Red Sea, and they celebrated Kut to thank God for their safe passage. Other traditions suggest that it has existed since the time of nature worship, which was practiced before the arrival of other preachings.

Whatever the reason, Kut is now a vibrant harvest celebration celebrated with tremendous zeal.

Traditions: Kuts are Kuki-Chin-Mizo people's ancient festivities. Different Kuts commemorate important agricultural events throughout the year, such as harvest seasons. This Kut, also known as 'Chavang Kut' (Paddy Kut), is one of the largest and most popular festivals in the country. Its history dates back over 3,000 years.

The Kuki-Chin-Mizo people are said to be descended from the Menashe tribe, one of Israel's 12 lost tribes. When the Assyrians defeated the Northern Kingdom of Israel in 720 BC, the Menashe tribe was sent into exile. The tribe had to cross the Red Sea during their exile, and Kut is considered to be a gratitude festival for their safe journey.

Others, on the other hand, believe Kut has its roots in nature worship, which was practised before Buddhism and Hinduism arrived. Whatever the origins of Kut, there's no denying that it's now a vibrant and vivacious harvest festival, complete with dancing, music, and eating to express gratitude for good harvests.

Kut is more than a festival or a ceremony for the Kuki-Chin-Mizo people; it is an opportunity to commemorate their rich culture and shared identity. Kut is the Kuki-Chin-Mizo community's unifying power. It's also a time for tired farmers and workers to relax and have some fun after harvesting and before planting fresh crops.

Diwali

Deepavali is the Hindu festival of lights (deep - lamp, vali - array). This is the name of the event in Southern India and is how the festival is referred to in other Asian nations such as Malaysia and Singapore. It is more generally known in Northern India as Diwali, but they are fundamentally the same event.

The triumph of good over evil, purity over impurity, and light over darkness is celebrated in these countries and by Hindus all around the world. It is one of Hinduism's most important festivals.

Significance: People light up their houses and commercial establishments during the Diwali festival. Goddess Lakshmi is worshiped for wisdom and money, whereas Lord Ganesh is worshiped for prosperity and welfare. The celebration, which normally takes place in November or October, commemorates Lord Rama's homecoming from 14 years of exile. The festival is held in several parts of the country for five days in a row. It is without a doubt the most well-known Indian festival, which is regarded as a life celebration.

The festival marks the start of the New Year in a few sections of the country. Deepavali is a five-day event that follows the following schedule:

  • For most Indian enterprises, the first day marks the start of a new fiscal year. For wealth, the business class worships Goddess Lakshmi.
  • The second day is a day of purification. People bathe with oil and put on new clothes.
  • The new moon occurs on the third day. It's the first day of the Deepavali festival.
  • The Kartika Shudda Padyami is the fourth day.
  • The festival's fifth and final day honours the bond between sisters and brothers.

Traditions: Diwali commemorates Lord Rama's homecoming from a fourteen-year exile as the seventh incarnation of Vishnu. The Festival of Lights takes place in the Hindu calendar month of Kartik on the darkest night (the first night of the new moon).

Across India, spectacular light displays and colourful garlands adorn the streets and temples.

People light diyas, little oil lights, in their dwellings. During this celebration, it is thought that deceased relatives return to visit their families on Earth, and the lights serve as a guide for the spirits. The sound of firecrackers exploding is frequent because it is believed that the loudness will ward off evil spirits.

Ningol Chakouba

Ningol Chakouba is an Indian state-level holiday celebrated in Manipur on the second day of the month of Heyangei, which falls in late October or November each year.

Traditions: The state's many colorful festivals serve as platforms for showcasing the culture and traditions of the region's diverse communities and tribes. Ningol Chakouba isn't any different. It is a Meitei community celebration, which is Manipur's majority ethnic group.

Fortunately, if we translate the festival's name from Manipuri, we can see exactly what happens at the festival: 'Ningol' means married daughter, and 'Chakouba' means an invitation to lunch at the mother's house. On Ningol Chakouba, parents invite their newlywed daughters to a grand feast at their "mapam" (mother's house). The married women come dressed up in their best traditional garb, accompanied by their children. The parents give gifts to their daughters and grandchildren with a blessing.

One week before the event, the family's son sends a formal invitation to his sister. This is a popular social festival with no religious overtones that aims to enhance the link of love and affection between married ladies and their parental households. It's also a great chance to reconnect with family and friends who may live far away. Because of the festival's popularity, it is also observed by the Meitei diaspora outside of Manipur.

Christmas

Christmas is a Christian holiday dedicated to commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ. It's a national holiday in India.

Catholic or non-Catholic: Fires and rituals have been used to mark the onset of longer hours of daylight in Europe from prehistoric times (bonfires, offerings). Saturnalia was a Roman event that took place in December and lasted several days (gambling and offerings). Midwinter was also a time of celebration for Germanic tribes (drinking and rituals). This custom is carried on by the Bulgarians (with Koleduvane) and the Poles (with Gwiazdka).

Jesus of Nazareth was most likely born in the spring (Reformists favor autumn). Pope Julius I, however, selected December 25th to commemorate his birth in the fourth century (Bishop Liberus is also mentioned in 354 A.D.).

As a result, a Christian element was added to the long-standing mid-winter festivals. Prior to 1582, the Papal Governments and other Italian city states observed Christmas Day as New Year's Day.

Celebrations: For Indian Christians, Christmas is a special day when they spend time with their relatives and friends, attend special church services, enjoy a celebratory meal, and put on new clothes. Christians sing Christmas carols, attend special religious services, and deck their halls with lights, flowers, Christmas trees, and mistletoe. They may display insignificant electrical lamps and use mango leaves or bananas to decorate their homes.

A genesis scene with a Christmas tree or clay figures was set up by a few people.

Christmas trees in India are usually fake pine trees or branches from natural trees. A few malls or establishments can decorate for Christmas and have artists portraying Santa Claus. Evening services are held in churches across the country prior to Christmas Day. Many churches perform special candlelight services around midnight. Santa Claus is a particular character who gives gifts to children during the Christmas season.

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Key takeaways

  • In the entire northeast region, Manipur has the biggest number of handicrafts units as well as the highest number of craft persons, including skilled and semi-skilled artisans. Hand-looms are Manipur's most important cottage industry, with the state ranking among the top five in the country in terms of the number of looms.
  • The Meitei (Meetei) people, who live in the Manipur valley and are mostly Hindus, make up around two-thirds of the population. Meitei women run the majority of the valley's trade and have a high social rank. The rest of the population is made up of indigenous hill tribes such as the Nagas in the north and the Kukis in the south. These tribes, which are divided into various clans and parts, speak Tibeto-Burman languages and practice traditional animist religions.
  • The holidays in India are typically grouped because of the country's rich culture and festivities. Bank holidays, regional holidays, public holidays, and national holidays are the four categories of holidays that are regularly observed.
  • Kut, Mera Chaoren Houba, and Yaoshang are all Manipur festivals that demonstrate the people of Manipur's energy, rich culture, and togetherness. Attending these festivals is the best way to learn about Manipur's unique culture and way of life. For culture vultures, it will be a dream comes true. You must visit Manipur during one of these festivals if you want to learn about the rich tradition and culture of this hill district.
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