How Big Data can help in preservation of India’s historical sites

archaeology May 02, 2017

The Archeological Survey of India (ASI) has over 3,600 monuments, 100,000 rare books, original drawings, plates, and manuscripts. In a 2013 report, the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) has noted “irregularities in carrying out conservation works.” The CAG audit report says that of the 1,538 structures surveyed around 81 are missing. The agency has been following archaic and outdated methods of preservation. In this context, modern technology such as Big Data can help in preserving India’s cultural heritage.

Big data can aid agencies as well as institutions make collaborative preservation efforts

Big Data is a term for data sets so complex or huge that conventional data-processing techniques are insufficient. Data sets are analyzed and assessed to uncover unknown correlations and patterns. Mathematical and statistical models and algorithms are used to find trends and make predictions.

“Increasingly being termed cyber archaeology, the latest Big Data tools can help archaeological agencies capture digital information, collaborate, store, share, as well as display data for public and researchers. Data sets also include high-definition videos and photos, aerial drone footage, laser scans, and detailed climate measurements, which can all be put through analysis and can help in eventual preservation of historical sites,” said Brajesh Sachan, CTO, Deskera, a global cloud services provider that has developed its own Big Data tool.

Moreover, complex data that is derived from drones, satellite imagery, 3-D data capture, etc. can also be utilized for analysis as well as monitoring of data gathered from historical sites. Archaeologists should access evolving digital tools.

Besides, Big Data tools can facilitate collaborative efforts among the academia, agencies, and industry. In conjunction with real-time intelligence, Big Data tools can help in ensuring a fully digitized heritage preservation method that is archaeology-oriented. The tools aid correlational studies of demographic data, regional climate, and cultural and technological change.

This can be done at a scale that wasn’t possible earlier. The Big Data platform will enable detailed studies of human conflicts, climate change, pollution, natural disasters, etc. that affect archaeological sites.

Archaeology must leverage the fruits of human progress in the field of technology for better insights into complex problems, drastically improving chances of their resolution so that the remaining cultural and historical heritage may live on to see another day.

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